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HomeBeefYoung farmers: What support can I avail of in the new CAP?
Catherina Cunnane
Catherina Cunnanehttps://www.thatsfarming.com/
Catherina Cunnane hails from a sixth-generation drystock and specialised pedigree suckler enterprise in Co. Mayo. She currently holds the positions of editor and general manager at That's Farming, having joined the firm during its start-up phase in 2015.
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Young farmers: What support can I avail of in the new CAP?

The National Reserve (Young Farmer category and New Farmer category) and Complementary Income Support for Young Farmers (Young Farmer Scheme’s successor) will provide financial support to young and new farmers under the new CAP 2023-2027.

  • National Reserve
  • Young Farmer category
  • New Farmer category (replacement for a new entrant in new CAP period, but there are differences).

The National Reserve will provide an allocation of payment entitlements on land on which the eligible applicant holds no entitlements (commonly known as naked land) and/or a top-up on the value of the existing entitlements below the national average value to bring them up to the national average value.

There is an overall maximum allocation of 50 eligible hectares per applicant in the new National Reserve from 2023 to 2027.

  • Complementary Income Support for Young Farmers

The Young Farmers Scheme’s successor will provide an additional payment to eligible young farmers.

The payment is made based on the number of eligible hectares (rather than entitlements as per the YFS) that the young farmer declares, subject to a maximum of 50, like the National Reserve, and is paid for a maximum term of five years.

To qualify for the CISYF, you must be entitled to payment under BISS (BPS’ replacement), thereby, holding a minimum of 1 payment entitlement or part thereof.

National Reserve:
  • No off-farm income limit for applicants (limit from 2015 to 2021 & removed in 2022);
  • Limit of 50ha per successful applicant for allocations from the National Reserve;
  • NR allocations are restricted to one per successful applicant for the lifetime of the scheme from and up to including 2023-2027 – If you were a successful NR applicant under the old BPS, National Reserve, which ran from 2015 to 2022, you are not eligible for an allocation from the new reserve which will operate from 2023 to 2027, according to the DAFM.
  • Allocations from the reserve will be made at the national average payment entitlement value – DAFM expects this to be circa €155: If you hold entitlements with a value below €155, you will be topped up to bring them to €155.

Under the old CAP, for NR Young Farmer category:

  • Under 40 years of age at the time of first application;
  • Set up in 5 years preceding first application;
  • Completed Level 6 agricultural education course;
  • Submit a valid BPS application.

Under the new CAP:

  • Under 40 years of age at the time of first application;
  • Set up in 5 years preceding first application;
  • Completed Level 6 agricultural education course– Course must be completed by the closing date for the submission of applications for the scheme. All aspects of the course, all lectures, exams and practicals, ect, have to be completed by the closing date, which, this year, is May 29th, 2023.
  • Submit valid BISS (replacing BPS) application;
  • Allocation on a maximum of 50 ha.
NR for new farmer/new entrant category – Commonly for farmers usually over 40 years of age:

Old CAP:

  • Setting up for the first time or during the preceding 2 years;
  • No agricultural activity in own name in 5 years preceding start of current activity;
  • Completed Level 6 agricultural education course;
  • Submit valid BPS (Basic Payment Scheme) application.

New CAP:

  • Setting up for the first time or during the preceding 3 years;
  • No agricultural activity in your own name at any time previously;
  • Completed Level 6 agricultural education course;
  • Submit valid BISS application;
  • Allocation on a maximum of 50 ha.

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