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HomeBeefHedge-cutting in Ireland: What does the law state?
Catherina Cunnane
Catherina Cunnane
Catherina Cunnane hails from a sixth-generation drystock and specialised pedigree suckler enterprise in Co. Mayo. She currently holds the positions of editor and general manager at That's Farming, having joined the firm during its start-up phase in 2015.
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Hedge-cutting in Ireland: What does the law state?

The National Parks & Wildlife Service (NPWS) of the Department of Housing, Local Government and Heritage is reminding the public of laws relating to hedge-cutting in Ireland.

The cutting, grubbing, burning or other destruction of “vegetation growing in any hedge or ditch” between March 1st and August 31st is prohibited.

The prohibition is in section 40 of the Wildlife Act 1976*.

The NPWS and An Garda Síochána investigate suspected breaches. According to the NPWS, it took 31 section 40 prosecution cases in 2021. It hopes that fewer will be necessary in 2022.

Hedge-cutting laws 

In a statement, a spokesperson said in Ireland, a relatively low cover of native woodland makes hedgerows “exceptionally important” for biodiversity.

Hedgerows provide botanical diversity and food and shelter for animals, particularly birds.

They also act as corridors connecting habitats. Untrimmed, thorny hedges are favoured by birds, but birds may nest in any hedge.

The spokesperson stressed the prohibition above does not apply (unless done by burning) in several circumstances set out in the act.  For businesses, landowners and the general public, the most notable of these exemptions, it listed, are:

  • The destruction, in the ordinary course of agriculture or forestry, of any vegetation growing on or in any hedge or ditch. In the act, “agriculture” is defined as including horticulture. Since horticulture includes gardening, the summertime trimming of hedges in the ordinary course of gardening falls under this exemption;
  • The clearance of vegetation in the course of a road or other construction works or in the development or preparation of sites on which any building or other structure is intended to be provided;
  • The felling, cutting, lopping, trimming or removal of a tree, shrub, hedge or other vegetation pursuant to section 70 of the Roads Act 1993.
Take steps 

Section 70(2) (a) of the Roads Act 1993 provides that “the owner or occupier of land shall take all reasonable steps to ensure that a tree, shrub, hedge or other vegetation on the land is not a hazard or potential hazard to persons using a public road and that it does not obstruct or interfere with the safe use of a public road or the maintenance of a public road”.

NPWS recommends that such “reasonable steps” are taken between September 1st and February 28th, where possible.

You should note that it is an offence, under Section 22 of the Wildlife Act 1976, to wilfully destroy, injure, or mutilate the eggs or nest of a wild bird or to wilfully disturb a wild bird on or near a nest containing eggs or un-flown young birds at any time of the year.

Report suspected hedge-cutting offences

The spokesperson advised that if you see what you suspect to be a hedge-cutting offence, you can report it to your local NPWS office or your local Garda station.

Concluding, the spokesperson said: “Since enforcement staff might not be able to respond immediately, you should take a note of the date and time, and note any vehicle registration numbers involved.”

“Photographs, especially of vehicle number plates, can also be helpful. However, there is no need to send them to the NPWS or the Gardaí when reporting.)

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